The emergence of web 2.0 tools has made the internet more
dynamic and interactive, by allowing users to create, share and comment on
information, has been named the generation of participation and collaboration.
There are many and all kinds of resources that are part
of the web 2.0 tools, and although these were not designed thinking of being
used for education or virtual learning. The benefits that its application had
in teaching were soon identified, transforming the training process by focusing
on the student and his active learning, making him creative and critical.Click here.
When applying web 2.0 tools in teaching, the student is placed in a scenario where his learning is energized since he should not wait for the information to reach him, but go for it, find it, create it and share it to obtain feedback. It can not be only from the professor but from his classmates or the virtual community; changing the learning experience in this way.
New web 2.0 applications are constantly emerging; this
time, we will group some of the most used in virtual training, for
the results they have offered in relation to their usability, communication and
They are applications that allow you to work documents
with the contributions of more than one person, even simultaneously so that
students tend to be more participatory and motivated when using these types of
tools. Among this classification, the most used are Google Drive and Dropbox.
The tendency to use social networks in education is increasing, due to its wide acceptance and incorporation into the daily routine of its millions of users; These are being used in education to share the content of interest and promote student participation and comments to different publications. Among the most used social networks are Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Vimeo.
Conceptual and Mental Maps
This learning technique used a long time ago to organize and represent graphically, or by diagrams, basic concepts or ideas can now be realized and shared virtually, with tools such as MindMeister, Coggle. It, Mindomo and Bubbl.us.
Presentations are already widely used for teaching;
However, Web 2.0 tools such as Prezi, Slideshare, and Scribd allow you to
publish and share the content of the presentations, facilitating the review and
input of comments from the audience to which they are addressed.
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These types of applications are used to transmit audio on
the internet; Although initially they were used by radio programs, their
application has grown. In the educational area, they are used to convey brief
explanations and are in great demand in language teaching. Among the
applications to create and stream podcasts are Audacity, Podomatic and SoundCloud.
It is a website of constant updating, where texts or
articles of one or several authors are published chronologically. Users can
read the contributions or entries and leave their comments. When creating a
blog for a course, students can publish their articles, result assigned
research, can also be used as a portfolio of activities. Among the tools to
create blogs are WordPress and Blogger.
It is a website where the content is created with the
interventions or contributions of several users or students, in this case. In a
wiki, participants can read, create, comment or modify information
contributions. Its use in the classroom allows students to be part of their
learning by creating their material while strengthening collaborative work.
As we can see, there are many tools to improve the
learning experience, and there are free, flexible and easy to use online.
However, tools are not the end, and they are only a means to facilitate
learning and generate the necessary computer skills for students. These do not
replace the virtual tutor, and on the contrary, they allow you to transform
your role, by a more participatory, dynamic and facilitative one.
DYNAMICS TO CONSIDER FOR EDUCATION
Therefore, we must keep in mind when applying this term
in our educational process the following characteristics:
it is essential that the website allows interactive contact between two or more
Without internet access users cannot participate.
applications and open standards, where the content is continuously modifiable
by the participation of different users who access a particular website.
and participatory. Collaboration and participation among users should be
encouraged when preparing content or clarifying information offered or
requested by them.
intuitive applications. Every web 2.0 application must be adapted to all types
of users, from the most experienced in computer matters to those with a basic
· Beta character, since all content and applications related to Web 2.0 are continually improving.
applications, as this allows the greatest possible participation among all
Mobility, this aspect related to the term M-learning,
since much of the information that is introduced in web 2.0 applications
is done in various places since many of the users are currently connected to
the network through their mobile phone, laptops and Ipad.
IMPLEMENT WEB 2.0 IN THE TEACHING-LEARNING PROCESS?
Web 2.0 has been implemented for several years in the
training process, more specifically, through School 2.0, which is not being
well applied in most cases, from the different educational and professional
centers that work on it. The introduction of Web 2.0 should go one step
role of the educator. The first thing we must change is the way of teaching the
educator. We must pass from knowledge speaker to organizer and information counselor.
role of the student. Just as the teacher must change, the students must do the
same. It is no longer worth being a mere listener in the classroom, and you
must participate and collaborate in the accomplishment of the task, adapting the
knowledge to your learning style.
traditional education to the creator of knowledge and researcher. We must leave
aside the moment in which teachers issued their knowledge to students who
listened attentively to the notions emitted by it. And move on to motivate and
organize the knowledge of those who have access to Web 2.0, encouraging
constructivism and research by part of the students.
methodology and new learning styles. It is essential when implementing Web 2.0
in the teaching-learning process that we change the methodologies and generate
new learning styles.
training. It is no use having many technological resources if teachers continue
to act as a traditional teacher. We must train the teacher in the use of tools
and new learning methodologies.
of new skills. We must encourage the development of new skills and abilities to
search, collect and process information and convert it into knowledge.
As we can see, to implement Web 2.0 in the educational
system, it is not enough solely and exclusively to provide schools with
technological resources or to train teachers in their use. But we have to
encourage a change in the teaching philosophy and train it in the principles
already seen of Web 2.0 (share, participate), all of them positive aspects that
can allow the entire educational community to adapt to the new knowledge